Appendix A

CDC: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention -

CERT: Community Emergency Response Team  volunteers trained and designated to assist local emergency response providers in disaster -

CISD: Critical Incident Stress briefing -

EPA: Environmental Protection Agency -

FEMA: Federal Emergency Management Administration -

HazMat: Hazardous Materials -

HICS: Hospital Incident Command System, formerly called HEICS for Hospital Emergency Incident Command System, now reformatted and revised in 2006 after the HEICS III version. Utilizes the Incident Command System organizational format tailored to the hospital environment and infrastructure.

HSAS: Homeland Security Advisory System  color coded system to communicate and advise citizens and agencies of the appropriate terrorist threat level by nature and degree.  Developed in March 11, 2002 Homeland Security Presidential Directive 3 by President George Bush.

ICS: Incident Command System organizational method for accountability and single authority developed from Southern California wildland fire experiences in the 1970's.

JumpSTART: Pediatric version of Simple Triage and Rapid Treatment (START)  rapid triage paradigm and algorithm developed by Lou Romig, MD and team -

MIPT: Oklahoma City National Memorial Institute for the Prevention of Terrorism -

NBHPP: The National Bioterrorism Hospital Preparedness Program  administered through the State Department of Health

NDMS: National Disaster Medical System -

NTSA: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration -

NIMS: National Incident Management System -

NIOSH: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health-is a research agency in the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services was established in 1970 by the Occupational Safety and Health Act  to improve the health and safety of workers. -

OSHA: Occupational Safety and Health Administration   established in 1970 along with NIOSH by the Occupational Safety and Health Act is in the U.S. Department of Labor and is responsible for creating and enforcing workplace safety and health regulations. -


S.T.A.R.T. Simple Triage and Rapid Treatment  an algorithm developed by Hoag Hospital and Newport Beach Fire Department (California) for rapid triage of multiple casualties using the three parameters of respirations, perfusion, and ability to follow simple commands. -

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